NASA sent a rover named VIPER to the moon’s south pole. They seeks water on Earth’s natural satellite.
Nasa seeks water on the moon
VIPER or Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover will land on the Moon in December 2022 if everything goes according to plan. Its mission is to observe and measure the presence of water (seeks water) in the permanently dark polar regions.
Areas on the Moon have collected water ice or ice for millions of years. Because there is no sun that melts or evaporates.
Quoted from Tech Crunch, Sunday (10/27/2019), NASA has confirmed the existence of water ice by crashing a probe into the general area. But, that way sounds so rude, that’s why NASA sent a robot to take some precise measurements.
VIPER will have the size of a golf cart and is equipped with a number of tools. The Neutron Spectrometer System VIPER will allow the rover to detect water below the surface.
When it exceeds water reserves, VIPER will deploy The Regolith and Ice Drill for Exploring New Terrain (TRIDENT). TRIDENT is a one-meter long drill that will bring up samples to be analyzed by two other rover instruments, a pair of spectrometers that will evaluate soil content.
By doing this systematically over a large area, the team hopes to create a subsurface map of water deposits that can be analyzed for larger patterns. The possibility leads to a more systematic understanding of the existence of favorite substances on the Moon.
VIPER will carry out a limited mission because it operates at the poles meaning there is no sunlight to absorb with solar panels. But, the rover will bring all the power needed to last hundreds of days there.